WEB DEVELOPMENT

Webpage Router

PHP can be written to route webpages with the help of an .htaccess file.

<htaccess>

    RewriteEngine On
    RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI}  !(.png|.jpg|.webp|.gif|.jpeg|.zip|.css|.svg|.js)$
    RewriteRule (.*) routes.php [QSA,L]

</htaccess>


<?php

session_start();

function get($route, $path_to_include){
  if( $_SERVER['REQUEST_METHOD'] == 'GET' ){ route($route, $path_to_include); }  
}
function post($route, $path_to_include){
  if( $_SERVER['REQUEST_METHOD'] == 'POST' ){ route($route, $path_to_include); }    
}
function put($route, $path_to_include){
  if( $_SERVER['REQUEST_METHOD'] == 'PUT' ){ route($route, $path_to_include); }    
}
function patch($route, $path_to_include){
  if( $_SERVER['REQUEST_METHOD'] == 'PATCH' ){ route($route, $path_to_include); }    
}
function delete($route, $path_to_include){
  if( $_SERVER['REQUEST_METHOD'] == 'DELETE' ){ route($route, $path_to_include); }    
}
function any($route, $path_to_include){ route($route, $path_to_include); }
function route($route, $path_to_include){
  
  // Callback function
  if( is_callable($path_to_include) ){
    call_user_func($path_to_include);
    exit();
  }  
  
  $ROOT = $_SERVER['DOCUMENT_ROOT'];
  if($route == "/404"){
    include_once("$ROOT/$path_to_include");
    exit();
  }  
  $request_url = filter_var($_SERVER['REQUEST_URI'], FILTER_SANITIZE_URL);
  $request_url = rtrim($request_url, '/');
  $request_url = strtok($request_url, '?');
  $route_parts = explode('/', $route);
  $request_url_parts = explode('/', $request_url);
  array_shift($route_parts);
  array_shift($request_url_parts);
  if( $route_parts[0] == '' && count($request_url_parts) == 0 ){
    include_once("$ROOT/$path_to_include");
    exit();
  }
  if( count($route_parts) != count($request_url_parts) ){ return; }  
  $parameters = [];
  for( $__i__ = 0; $__i__ < count($route_parts); $__i__++ ){
    $route_part = $route_parts[$__i__];
    if( preg_match("/^[$]/", $route_part) ){
      $route_part = ltrim($route_part, '$');
      array_push($parameters, $request_url_parts[$__i__]);
      $$route_part=$request_url_parts[$__i__];
    }
    else if( $route_parts[$__i__] != $request_url_parts[$__i__] ){
      return;
    } 
  }
  include_once("$ROOT/$path_to_include");
  exit();
}
function out($text){echo htmlspecialchars($text);}
function set_csrf(){
  if( ! isset($_SESSION["csrf"]) ){ $_SESSION["csrf"] = bin2hex(random_bytes(50)); }
  echo '<input type="hidden" name="csrf" value="'.$_SESSION["csrf"].'">';
}
function is_csrf_valid(){
  if( ! isset($_SESSION['csrf']) || ! isset($_POST['csrf'])){ return false; }
  if( $_SESSION['csrf'] != $_POST['csrf']){ return false; }
  return true;
}


<?php

require_once("{$_SERVER['DOCUMENT_ROOT']}/router.php");

// ##################################################
// ##################################################
// ##################################################

// Static GET
// In the URL -> http://localhost
// The output -> Index
get('/', 'index.php');

// Dynamic GET. Example with 1 variable
// The $id will be available in user.php
get('/user/$id', 'user.php');

// Dynamic GET. Example with 2 variables
// The $name will be available in user.php
// The $last_name will be available in user.php
get('/user/$name/$last_name', 'user.php');

// Dynamic GET. Example with 2 variables with static
// In the URL -> http://localhost/product/shoes/color/blue
// The $type will be available in product.php
// The $color will be available in product.php
get('/product/$type/color/:color', 'product.php');

// Dynamic GET. Example with 1 variable and 1 query string
// In the URL -> http://localhost/item/car?price=10
// The $name will be available in items.php which is inside the views folder
get('/item/$name', 'views/items.php');


// ##################################################
// ##################################################
// ##################################################
// any can be used for GETs or POSTs

// For GET or POST
// The 404.php which is inside the views folder will be called
// The 404.php has access to $_GET and $_POST
any('/404','views/404.php');